Benchmark DAC3 L - Digital to Analog Audio Converter

by: Benchmark Media Systems, Inc.



Due to high demand shipping may be delayed 1-2 business days 


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    A New Reference - Going Beyond the Legendary DAC1 and DAC2

    The DAC3 is Benchmark's newest 2-channel D/A converter featuring the new ESS Technologies ES9028PRO converter chip. The DAC3 converter has lower THD and THD+N noise than Benchmark's DAC2 converter.

    Benchmark's DAC1 and DAC2 D/A converter families have been the reference to which other converters have been compared. It is rare to find a converter review that does not draw comparisons to the DAC1 or the DAC2. Benchmark converters are in daily use at many of the world's finest recording studios and mastering rooms. Benchmark converters are also enjoyed by thousands of audiophiles. Benchmark has raised the bar again ... the DAC3 defines a new reference.

    Reference Performance

    The DAC3  delivers outstanding musical detail and precise stereo imaging. It employs an advanced high-headroom digital filter design, and a high-sample-rate Asynchronous USB Audio interface. All inputs are fully isolated from interface jitter by Benchmark's new UltraLock3™ jitter attenuation system.

    Internal digital processing and conversion is 32-bits, and this processing includes 3.5 dB of headroom above 0 dBFS. This headroom prevents the DSP overloads that commonly occur in other D/A converters.

    Four balanced 32-bit D/A converters are summed together to create each balanced analog output. This 4:1 summation provides a 6 dB noise reduction, and gives the DAC3 industry-leading performance.

    DAC3 vs. DAC2

    The DAC3 builds upon Benchmark’s highly successful DAC2 product family. The DAC3 maintains the familiar DAC2 form factor and feature set, but adds the higher performance available from the new ES9028PRO D/A converter. The DAC3 offers the following improvements over the DAC2:

    • Active 2nd Harmonic Compensation
    • Active 3rd Harmonic Compensation
    • Lower THD+N
    • Lower passband ripple
    • Improved frequency response
    • Faster PLL lock times
    • Faster switching between input signals

    DAC3 vs. DAC1

    The DAC3 and DAC2 added these features that were not found on the DAC1:

    • Asynchronous 192kHz USB Audio 2.0
    • 32-bit D/A conversion system
    • Word Length Display
    • Sample Rate Display
    • Polarity Control
    • Direct DSD D/A Conversion
    • -20 dB DIM
    • Bi-Directional 12V Trigger
    • Power Switch with Auto-On Function
    • Home Theater Bypass
    • Digital Pass-Through
    • High-Headroom DSP
    • Dual-Domain Hybrid Gain Control
    • Additional I/O

    Native DSD Conversion

    All digital inputs on the DAC3 support native PCM or DSD conversion. From any input, DSD is transported with bit accuracy over DoP 1.1. DSD and PCM are both natively converted to analog. There are no DSD to PCM or PCM to DSD conversions to compromise the quality of the music. The DAC3 conversion system seamlessly switches between native PCM and native DSD conversion. DSD over DoP 1.1 is supported by many media players, and DSD downloads are now available from several sources.

    Direct Connectivity to Power Amplifiers

    Benchmark DAC1, DAC2, and DAC3 converters are designed to directly drive power amplifiers and speakers. Benchmark converters feature adjustable low-impedance passive attenuators at the XLR outputs that can be used to optimize the interface to the power amplifier (or powered monitor). This unique Benchmark feature optimizes the gain staging between the DAC and the power amplifier. Proper gain staging cannot be overemphasised. When audio stages are properly matched, each component in the audio chain is able to operate at its optimum signal level, and the system performance is significantly improved.

    Sonically-Neutral Studio Monitoring

    All Benchmark converters are designed for maximum transparency. This transparency is absolutely essential in the studio monitoring chain. For this reason, DAC3 converters are ideal for critical reference-quality professional systems. Unlike many competing products, the DAC3 is not designed to add "euphonic" coloration to the audio. Instead it is designed to be as uncolored and natural as possible.

    Step Into the Studio

    When Benchmark's professional converters are used in hi-fi applications, studio-quality sound can be enjoyed in a home environment. Enjoy pure music without any coloration from the electronics. Hear the music exactly the way it was heard in the studio, and exactly the way the artists intended.

    Discover the natural, uncolored, analog sound of the DAC3.

    Sit in the Performance Space

    Transparent sound can go beyond replicating the studio experience. Recordings that have been produced with a natural and unprocessed sound can transport you to the performance space. But, this can only happen when the entire playback chain is selected for maximum transparency.

    This experience of "being there" cannot be created by systems that are designed to add "warmth" or "euphonic color" to the music. 

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    DAC2 and DAC3 Awards

    [powr-photo-gallery id=38247f01_1458569008900.5] 

    DAC1 Awards

    [powr-photo-gallery id=38247f01_1458569008900.6]

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    DAC3 Technologies

    • Harmonic Compensation
    • Hybrid Gain Control
    • UltraLock3™ Jitter Attenuation System
    • High-Headroom DSP
    • Multi-Mode Asynchronous USB Audio System
    • Quad 32-bit balanced D/A Conversion System
    • Distributed Power Regulation

    Harmonic Compensation

    The ES9028PRO has two distortion compensation systems that independently remove most of the 2nd and 3rd harmonic distortion in the D/A converter. Benchmark's ultra-clean analog output stages allow these systems to be fully leveraged in the DAC3. To the best of our knowledge, no other D/A converter has lower THD than the Benchmark DAC3.

    Hybrid Gain Control

    "HGC" is Benchmark's unique Hybrid Gain Control system. The DAC3 combines active analog gain control, passive low-impedance attenuators, a 32-bit digital gain control, and a servo-driven volume control. All inputs are controlled by the rotary volume control. This volume control moves in response to commands from the remote control. Analog inputs are never converted to digital, and digital inputs never pass through an analog potentiometer. Digital inputs are precisely controlled in the 32-bit DSP system. The DSP system preserves precise L/R balance, and precise stereo imaging, while avoiding any source of noise and distortion.

    Benchmark's unique passive output attenuators provide distortion-free gain reduction without reducing the dynamic range of the converter. The attenuators optimize the gain staging between the DAC3 and the power amplifier. This optimization is absolutely essential for maximizing the dynamic range of the entire playback system. Much of the success of the DAC1 and DAC2 converters can be attributed to the passive output attenuators. Musical details can be obscured by system noise whenever a preamplifier and power amplifier are improperly matched. The" HGC " system will make full use of your power amplifier's dynamic range. Experience new details in your favorite recordings.

    UltraLock3™ Jitter Attenuation System

    UltraLock3™ is an improved version of the UltraLock2™ system used in the DAC2 product family. UltraLock3™ locks with precise phase accuracy in only 6 ms. In contrast, the UltraLock2™ system required 400 ms. Both UltraLock™ systems provide virtually perfect jitter attenuation, but the the lightning-fast lock time of the new UltraLock3™ will be appreciated by many of our users.

    DSP processing is 32-bits, DSP headroom is 3.5 dB, sample rate is 211 kHz, and jitter-induced distortion and noise is at least 140 dB below the level of the music - well below the threshold of hearing. Benchmark's UltraLock3™ system eliminates all audible jitter artifacts.

    High Headroom DSP - with 3.5 dB "Excess" Digital Headroom

    All of the digital processing in the DAC3 is designed to handle signals as high as +3.5 dBFS. Most digital systems clip signals that exceed 0 dBFS. The 0 dBFS limitation seems reasonable, as 0 dBFS is the highest sinusoidal signal level that can be represented in a digital system. However, a detailed investigation of the mathematics of PCM digital systems will reveal that inter-sample peaks may reach levels slightly higher than +3 dBFS while individual samples never exceed 0 dBFS. These inter-sample overs are common in commercial releases, and are of no consequence in a PCM system until they reach an interpolation process. But, for a variety of reasons, virtually all audio D/A converters use an interpolation process. The interpolation process is absolutely necessary to achieve 24-bit state-of-the art conversion performance. Unfortunately, inter-sample overs cause clipping in most interpolators. This clipping produces distortion products that are non-harmonic and non-musical . We believe these broadband distortion products often add a harshness or false high-frequency sparkle to digital reproduction. The DAC3 avoids these problems by maintaining at least 3.5 dB of headroom in the entire conversion system. We believe this added headroom is a groundbreaking improvement.

    Multi-Mode Asynchronous USB System

    Benchmark's USB system supports USB Audio 2.0, DSD, and USB Audio 1.1. It is frequency agile, and will follow sample rate changes initiated by the computer and/or the media playback software. In all modes the USB communications are asynchronous in order to eliminate unnecessary sources of jitter.

    The DAC3 has a low-jitter master clock which controls the transfer of audio data from the computer to the USB sub-system. The computer asynchronously transfers audio data to a buffer in the DAC3. The contents of the buffer are then asynchronously transferred to the D/A conversion subsystem. This second asynchronous transfer eliminates any traces of jitter that accumulate as the data is transferred between the USB and conversion subsystems. No traces of jitter-induced distortion are measurable to our measurement limits (better than -150 dBFS). This truly represents the state-of-the art. Enjoy the convenience of computer playback without compromise. The Asynchronous USB system supports USB Audio 2.0 for high-resolution 192kHz, and DSD playback. No drivers are required for MAC operating systems. An easy-to-install driver adds 192 kHz and DSD capabilities to Windows operating systems.

    An asynchronous, driverless USB Audio 1.1 mode supports sample rates up to 96 kHz. This USB mode can be selected from the front panel or from the remote control. The driverless USB Audio 1.1 mode allows quick plug-and-play connections to Windows, MAC, iOS, and Linux operating systems without installing drivers. Just plug in the USB, and the DAC3 becomes an available audio device.

    The USB subsystem remains active when the DAC3 is powered down. This prevents interruptions to the computer playback operations and eliminates the need to reconfigure the computer every time the converter is turned on.

    Quad 32-bit Balanced Conversion System

    Four balanced 32-bit D/A converters deliver audio to Benchmark's low-impedance current to voltage converters. The 4:1 redundancy reduces noise and distortion to levels that set new benchmarks. The conversion system at the core of the DAC3 is as good as it gets. The analog circuits that follow the D/A converter are carefully designed. Benchmark has leveraged its long history of building high-end analog audio equipment, in order to create an outstanding output stage.

    The conversion system in the DAC3 achieves a 6 dB signal to noise improvement through the use of 4:1 summing. The ES9028PRO D/A is an 8-channel 32-bit converter. In the DAC3, four channels are summed in the analog domain to form each of the two output channels.

    The 4:1 summing also improves the THD. The non-linearities in individual conversion channels are averaged across the four summed channels and incoherent non-linearities are attenuated by 6 dB.

     

    Diagnostic Tools - Sample-Rate and Word-Length Indicators

    Ever wonder why that 192 kHz 24-bit download on your computer just doesn't sound right? Your media player may be down-sampling to 44.1 kHz and/or truncating to 16-bits. Many computers and media players apply poor-quality sample rate conversion and truncation. Fortunately these problems can be eliminated with the selection a good frequency-agile media player. The sample-rate and word-length displays on the DAC3 confirm the proper operation of your media player.

    Polarity Switch

    You may encounter recordings with inverted polarity. The DAC3 HGC and DAC3 L include a polarity switch to correct the problem.

    Home Theater Bypass

    The DAC3 can be integrated into a home theater system. Typically the DAC3 drives the left and right power amplifiers, and an analog feed from the home theater system is connected to either of the analog inputs on the DAC3. A programmable Home Theater Bypass function sets the pass-through gain to unity when the surround system is active. The DAC3 HGC and DAC3 L include an indicator light that is illuminated when bypass is active.

    Digital Pass Through

    The second coaxial input on the DAC3 can be reconfigured as a digital output. In output mode, any selected digital input (including USB) will pass through to the coaxial output. The digital pass through is bit-transparent and even supports DSD (DoP 1.1). Dolby digital and DTS formats can also be passed through to a surround processor.

    Bi-Directional 12 Volt Trigger

    Benchmark re-invents the 12 volt trigger. The trigger connection on the DAC2 can be used as an input, an output, or both. It is compatible with any common 12 volt trigger input or output. The trigger can be used to turn a power amplifier on or off automatically. The DAC3 will also respond to a 12 volt trigger to follow the actions of another audio component.

    Power Switch

    The power switch can place the DAC3 in standby, or full shut down. In full shut down, the unit will still respond to the trigger input and the IR remote control. Power consumption is less than 0.5 W in full shut down.

    Low Power Consumption

    The DAC3 uses high-efficiency low noise power supplies and may be operated from any standard international voltage without adjustment. Power consumption is 12 W typical.

    Distributed Power Regulation

    To achieve the lowest possible noise, the DAC3 uses distributed power supply regulation. Each critical subsystem has at least one dedicated low-noise voltage regulator.

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    Audio Performance

    Fs = 44.1 to 96 kHz, 20 to 20 kHz BW, 1 kHz test tone, 0 dBFS = +24 dBu (unless noted)

    SNR – A-Weighted, 0 dBFS = +27 dBu

    128 dB

    SNR – Unweighted, 0 dBFS = +27 dBu

    126 dB

    THD+N, 1 kHz at 0 dBFS

    -113 dBFS, -113 dB, 0.00022%

    THD+N, 1 kHz at -1 dBFS

    -114 dBFS, -113 dB, 0.00022%

    THD+N, 1 kHz at –3 dBFS

    -119 dBFS, -116 dB, 0.00016%

    THD+N, 20 to 20 kHz test tone at –3 dBFS

    -113 dBFS, -110 dB, 0.00032%

    Frequency Response at Fs=192 kHz

    +0 dB, -0.015 dB (20 to 20 kHz)

    -0.015 dB at 10 Hz

    -0.005 dB at 20 kHz

    -0.031 dB at 40 kHz

    -0.15 dB at 80 kHz

    Frequency Response at Fs=48 kHz

    +0 dB, -0.015 dB (20 to 20 kHz)

    -0.015 dB at 10 Hz

    -0.005 dB at 20 kHz

    Crosstalk

    -116 dB at 20 kHz

    -130 dB at 1 kHz

    -137 dB at 20 Hz

    Maximum Amplitude of Jitter Induced Sidebands (10 kHz 0 dBFS test tone, 12.75 UI sinusoidal jitter at 1 kHz)

    < -144 dB

    Maximum Amplitude of Spurious Tones with 0 dBFS test signal

    < -138 dB

    Maximum Amplitude of Idle Tones

    < -147 dB

    Maximum Amplitude of AC line related Hum & Noise

    < -133 dB

    Inter-channel Differential Phase (Stereo Pair – any sample rate)

    +/- 0.25 degrees at 20 kHz

    Inter-channel Differential Phase (Between DAC3 Units Fs<110 kHz) Any sample rate.

    +/- 0.25 degrees at 20 kHz

    Maximum Lock Time after Fs change

    6 ms

    Soft Mute Ramp Up/Down Time

    9.6 ms

    Mute on Receive Error

    Yes

    Mute on Lock Error

    Yes

    Mute on Idle Channel

    No

    50/15 us De-Emphasis Enable

    Automatic in Consumer Mode

    De-Emphasis Method

    Digital IIR

    De-Emphasis Supported at

    Fs = 32, 44.1, 48 kHz

     

    Group Delay (Latency)

    Delay – Digital Input to Analog Output (function of sample rate)

     

     

     

    1.36 ms at 44.1 kHz

    1.27 ms at 48 kHz

    0.90 ms at 88.2 kHz

    0.82 ms at 96 kHz

    0.51 ms at 176.4 kHz

    0.47 ms at 192 kHz

     

    Digital Audio Inputs

    Number of Digital Inputs (switch selected)

    5 (1 USB, 2 Optical, 2 Coaxial)

    Number of Channels

    2

    Input Sample Frequency Range

    28 to 210 kHz (Coaxial Inputs)

    28 to 96 kHz (Optical Inputs)

    44.1, 48, 88.2, 96, 176.4, 192 kHz (USB Input)

    Maximum Input Word Length

    24 bits

    Digital Input Impedance

    75 Ohms (Coaxial Inputs)

    DC Blocking Capacitors on Digital Inputs

    Yes (Coaxial Inputs)

    Transient and Over-Voltage Protection on Digital Inputs

    Yes (Coaxial Inputs)

    Minimum Digital Input Level

    250 mVpp (Coaxial Inputs)

    Jitter Tolerance

    (With no Measurable Change in Performance)

     

    >12.75 UI sine, 100 Hz to 3 kHz

    >1.5 UI sine at 20 kHz

    >1.5 UI sine at 40 kHz

    >1.5 UI sine at 80 kHz

    >1.5 UI sine at 90 kHz

    >0.25 UI sine above 160 kHz

    Jitter Attenuation Method

    Benchmark UltraLock3™ - all inputs

     

    Balanced Analog Outputs

    Number of Balanced Analog Outputs

    2

    Output Connector

    Gold-Pin Neutrik™ male XLR

    Output Impedance

    60 Ohms (Attenuator off)

    425 Ohms (Attenuator = 10 dB)

    135 Ohms (Attenuator = 20 dB)

    Analog Output Clip Point

    +30 dBu

    Factory Set Bypass Level (at 0 dBFS)

    +24 dBu (Attenuator = 0 dB)

    Output Level Range (at 0 dBFS) In ‘Variable’ Mode

    Off to +27.5 dBu (Attenuator off)

    Off to +17.5 dBu (Attenuator = 10 dB)

    Off to +7.5 dBu (Attenuator = 20 dB)

    Output Level Variation with Sample Rate (44.1 kHz vs. 96 kHz)

    < +/- 0.006 dB

     

    Unbalanced Analog Outputs

    Number of Unbalanced Analog Outputs

    4

    Output Connector

    RCA

    Output Impedance

    30 Ohms

    Analog Output Clip Point

    +13.5 dBu (3.7 Vrms)

    Factory Set Home Theater Bypass Output Level (at 0 dBFS)

    +8.2 dBu (2 Vrms)

    Output Level Range (with 0 dBFS digital input)

    Off to +11.7 dBu (3 Vrms)

    Output Level Variation with Sample Rate

    < +/- 0.006 dB

      

    Status Display

    Indicators - Type and Location

    16 LED’s on Front Panel

    Selection/Status Indication

    1 – Dim/Mute

    1 - Polarity
    6 – Input
    2 – Bypass/Calibrated Output
    2 – Word length
    4 – Sample Rate

     



    AC Power Requirements

    Nominal Input Operating Voltage Range (VAC RMS)

    100 – 240V

    Frequency

    50-60 Hz

    Power

    < 0.5 Watts Idle
    12 Watts Typical Program
    15 Watts Maximum

    Fuses

    5 x 20 mm (2 required)
    0.5 A 250 V Slo-Blo® Type

    Min/Max Operating range (VAC RMS)

    90 – 260 VAC
    47 – 63 Hz

     

    Dimensions

    Form Factor

    ½ Rack Wide, 1 RU High

    Depth behind front panel

    8.5” (216 mm)

    Overall depth including connectors but without power cord

    9.33” (237 mm)

    Width

    9.5” (249 mm)

    Height

    1.725” (44.5 mm)

     

    Weight

    DAC3 only

    3 lb.

    DAC3 with remote control, power cord, extra fuses, and manual

    4 lb.

    Shipping weight

    7 lb.

    Important Features

    • Sample Rate Display
    • Word Length Display
    • 5 Digital Inputs
    • 2 Stereo Analog Inputs (2 RCA)
    • 3 Stereo Analog Outputs (2 RCA, 1 XLR)
    • Digital Pass Through
    • Native DSD Conversion
    • Polarity Switch
    • Asynchronous USB 2.0
    • Driverless Asynchronous USB 1.1
    • Home Theater Bypass
    • Bi-Directional 12 Volt Trigger
    • Power Switch
    • Low Power Consumption
    • ES9028PRO Converter

     

    Manual

    Detailed specifications and performance plots are available in the downloadable manual.

    DAC3 Series Manual

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    DAC2 REVIEW - PAUL RIGBY, THE AUDIOPHILE MAN

    Benchmark Media Systems - June 08, 2016

     

    DAC2 - "TAKING THE DAC1 ... AND IMPROVING UPON IT"

    Benchmark DAC2 HGC"I remember writing up a large group test, for a national UK Hi-Fi magazine, several years back, on DACs. I’d never heard of Benchmark before but the DAC1 trounced all of the other DACs on test to win the crown for that test. I was more than impressed and vowed to keep an eye on the brand from that day forward."

    "Benchmark says that this, the latest iteration in the range, is superior in terms of sound quality to the DAC1."

    "Immediately, right from the off, I was seriously impressed with the DAC2."

    - Paul Rigby, The Audiophile Man - audiophileman.com

    View full article →

    DAC2 & AHB2 REVIEW - DIMITRIS STAMATAKOS, AVMENTOR.NET

    Benchmark Media Systems - June 02, 2016

     

    AHB2 - "A CONVINCING EXAMPLE OF WHAT THE FUTURE OF POWER AMPLIFIERS CAN BE"

    "Benchmark dared to engage their power amplifier project from a different angle, discarding the standard approach ... and certainly succeeded. The theoretical advantages of their choices are both evident in the laboratory and heard during the listening sessions, thus justifying the whole approach."

    "Based on a very interesting set of ideas, with a long history but few examples of a practical application, the Benchmark AHB2 could serve as a convincing example of what the future of power amplifiers can be. Combine it with a renowned D/A Converter like the DAC2 HGC, and what you have is a top quality system from which only the loudspeakers are missing!"

    DAC2AHB2 - "THE BEST PREAMPLIFIER/POWER AMPLIFIER ... IN THIS PRICE RANGE"

    "Overall, the DAC HGC/AHB2 pair is the best preamplifier/power amplifier we had the opportunity to listen to in recent years in this price range."

    - Dimitris Stamatakos, AVMENTOR.net

    View full article →

    DAC2 LAB EVALUATION - AVMENTOR.NET

    Benchmark Media Systems - April 05, 2016

     

    

    DAC2 HGC - "OFFERED A VERY HIGH LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE, WITH VERY LOW DISTORTION"

    "The noise spectrum shows that the DAC2 HGC is indeed a very quiet device without problems of interference or hum."

    "Frequency response is flat across the entire range of measurement without a visible cut-off towards the lower frequencies, and with a rather mild roll-off at very high frequencies close to 80kHz. The differences between the two channels are small, in the range of 0.2dB."

    "The THD+N Vs Frequency graph does not hide any unpleasant surprises. The curves (for an output level of 1Vrms) are below 0.003% with an apparent increasing trend from the 10kHz upwards but with minimal level-depended variation, an indication for a good analog stage design."

    View full article →

    DAC2 DX - "HAD SOME OF THE LOWEST DISTORTION OF ANY DAC WE HAVE EVER TESTED"

    "Listening to my music collection via USB was a pleasure with this DAC. It had a very musical sound, reminding me of a Class A triode tube amplifier. When you check out the bench tests, you will see why."

    "For my money, the Benchmark DAC2 DX represents one of the best values in high end audio today."

    - John E. Johnson, Jr., Secrets of Home Theater and High Fidelity

    View full article →

    DAC2 AWARD - THE ABSOLUTE SOUND 2016 EDITORS' CHOICE AWARD

    Benchmark Media Systems - March 01, 2016

     

    DAC2 HGC - "COMBINES DIGITAL WITH ANALOG GAIN CONTROLS FOR AN OPTIMAL RESULT"

    "The HGC moniker stands for 'hybrid gain control' which is a 'dual domain' attenuation system that combines digital with analog gain controls for an optimal result."

    - The Absolute Sound

    View full article →

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    Click here to view a list of recommended accessories for your DAC3 L!

     

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    Manual

    DAC3 Series Manual

    Driver

    Windows operating systems require a driver when operating in USB 2.0 mode (required for 192 kHz operation).  No driver is required for Mac or Linux operating systems.  No driver is required for any operating system when operating in USB 1.1 mode (sample rates up to 96 kHz).

    DAC2 and DAC3 Driver →

    DAC2 and DAC3 Application Notes

    DAC2 and DAC3 App Notes →

    More DAC2 and DAC3 Reviews

    DAC2 and DAC3 Reviews →

 

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DESIGNED, ASSEMBLED, AND TESTED IN THE USA

This Benchmark product was designed, assembled, and tested in the USA using USA and imported components. Most major components are made in USA.



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